A psychedelic mushroom, often referred to as a "magic" mushroom or "shroom", is one which contains psychotropic chemicals that cause euphoria, visual hallucinations, and general changes in perception. The two main psychedelic mushrooms are those containing psilocybin, such as the Psilocybe cubensis species, or those containing ibotenic acid and muscimol, such as the Amanita muscaria species.
Psilocybin and psilocin are listed as Schedule I drugs under the United Nations 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances. Schedule I drugs are drugs with a high potential for abuse that have no recognized medical uses. The classification of psilocybin mushrooms as a schedule 1 drug has come under criticism because "shrooms" are considered soft drugs with a low potential for abuse. Parties to the treaty are required to restrict use of the drug to medical and scientific research under strictly controlled conditions. Some national drug laws have been amended to reflect this convention (for example, the US Psychotropic Substances Act, the UK Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 and Drugs Act 2005, and the Canadian Controlled Drugs and Substances Act), with possession and use of psilocybin and psilocin being prohibited under almost all circumstances, and often carrying severe legal penalties. Magic Mushrooms in their fresh form still remain legal in some countries including Spain and Austria. On November 29, 2008, The Netherlands announced it would ban the cultivation and use of psilocybin-containing fungi beginning December 1, 2008. The UK ban introduced in 2005 came under much criticism, however was rushed through at the end of the 2001-2005 Parliament. Before 2005 Magic Mushrooms were sold in hundreds of shops and on internet web sites throughout the UK.
Because mushrooms can be grown indoors (namely Psilocybe cubensis and Panaeolus cyanescens), they are generally grown within the same national borders as they are sold. There have been few high-profile cases of mushroom producers and traffickers being caught and prosecuted.
The potency of mushrooms can vary greatly depending on the growing conditions and buyers of mushrooms run the risk of ingesting a poisonous, mis-identified species, or being cheated by substitutions or cutting of the mushrooms with other, non-psychedelic varieties, or by non-psychedelic varieties laced with other psychedelics, most often LSD.
New Mexico appeals court ruled on June 14, 2005, that growing psilocybin mushrooms for personal consumption could not be considered "manufacturing a controlled substance" under state law. However it still remains federally illegal.
[[Category:Throughout the years various methods have been created for growing and cultivating various strains of Psilocybin and psilocin. Vermiculite and rice tends to be the best way to cultivate this mushroom. There are videos on the subjects available here http://free-mushroom-cultivation-videos.blogspot.com]]
- "List of psychotropic substances under international control". International Narcotics Control Board (August 2003). Retrieved on 2007-06-25.
- "RTÉ News: 'Shrooms to become illegal in Holland". RTÉ News (November 2008). Retrieved on 2008-11-28.